Low back pain can manifest as anything from a simple twinge after lifting awkwardly to full-blown spasm or the severity of a disc herniation.
Muscle spasm causes sudden acute pain and reduced mobility, whereas, inflammation of ligaments and joints can be sudden or as a result of long term irritation.
The worst-case scenario is disc damage commonly known as the “slipped disc”.
There are 4 degrees of damage; starting with inflammation of the outer disc, to a mild bulge, severe bulge and full herniation. In all cases, there are varying degrees of pressure on the Sciatic nerve, which cause pain to radiate down the back of the leg.
A common misconception of low back pain is it due to poor lifting technique or lifting a heavy object. In many cases a simple episode can cause this, i.e. putting on socks. An underlying cause is usually the reason behind this. A lack of core strength or poor ergonomics being just two examples. In some cases, it may not be felt in the back. Groin, hip and knee pain can have their origins in the low back. Because of this, it is essential to have a thorough case history. It is beneficial for the physical examination to locate the source of the problem.
During your consultation, a variety of tests diagnose exactly where the pain originates from and the reasons behind it. Treatment will get to work on the immediate symptoms and advice given to prevent the injury from returning.